Lesson 14: Solving Equivalent Ratio Problems

Let's practice getting information from our partner.

14.1: What Do You Want to Know?

Here is a problem: A red car and a blue car enter the highway at the same time and travel at a constant speed. How far apart are they after 4 hours?

What information would you need to solve the problem?

14.2: Info Gap: Hot Chocolate and Potatoes

Your teacher will give you either a problem card or a data card. Do not show or read your card to your partner.

If your teacher gives you the problem card:

  1. Read your card silently and think about what you need to know to be able to answer the questions.

  2. Ask your partner for specific information you need.

  3. Explain how you are using the information to solve the problem.

  4. Solve the problem and show your reasoning to your partner.

If your teacher gives you the data card:

  1. Read your card silently.

  2. Ask your partner “What specific information do you need?” and wait for them to ask for information.

    If your partner asks for information that is not on the card, do not do the calculations for them. Tell them you don’t have that information.

  3. Have them explain “Why do you need that information?” before telling them the information.

  4. After your partner solves the problem, ask them to explain their reasoning, even if you understand what they have done.

Both you and your partner should record a solution to each problem.

14.3: Comparing Reading Rates

  • Lin read the first 54 pages from a 270-page book in the last 3 days.
  • Diego read the first 100 pages from a 320-page book in the last 4 days.
  • Elena read the first 160 pages from a 480-page book in the last 5 days.

If they continue to read every day at these rates, who will finish first, second, and third? Explain or show your reasoning.

Summary

To solve problems about something happening at the same rate, we often need:

  • Two pieces of information that allow us to write a ratio that describes the situation.

  • A third piece of information that gives us one number of an equivalent ratio. Solving the problem often involves finding the other number in the equivalent ratio.

Suppose we are making a large batch of fizzy juice and the recipe says, “Mix 5 cups of cranberry juice with 2 cups of soda water.” We know that the ratio of cranberry juice to soda water is $5:2$, and that we need 2.5 cups of cranberry juice per cup of soda water.

We still need to know something about the size of the large batch. If we use 16 cups of soda water, what number goes with 16 to make a ratio that is equivalent to $5:2$?

To make this large batch taste the same as the original recipe, we would need to use 40 cups of cranberry juice.

  cranberry juice (cups) soda water (cups)
row 1 5 2
row 2 2.5 1
row 3 40 16

Practice Problems ▶